RCM in English

 

On this web page you will find an English version on the main journalistic works about Cienfuegos and Cuba, published in our website.

Outstanding in Cuba the Blood Bank of Cienfuegos

(RCM Redaction)

Outstanding in Cuba the Blood Bank of Cienfuegos

Outstanding in Cuba the Blood Bank of Cienfuegos

The Blood Bank of Cienfuegos is among the best institutions of its kind in the country, and it is endorsed with the certificate “Guide to Good Practices for Blood Establishments”, awarded by the Centro para el Control Estatal de Medicamentos, Equipos y Dispositivos Médicos (Center for State Control of Medicines, Equipment and Medical Devices).

Almost at the end of 2017 there are about 13 500 donations and more than 3 000 liters of plasma per year for the treatment of patients with hematological diseases and other conditions, as well as for the pharmaceutical industry.

The production of some 17 000 blood components per year and the stable behavior of donations favors around 11 500 patients, a figure that is influenced by the high rates of leukemia in the province, as specified by Tania Bolaños Valladares, director of this health care institution.

The Blood Bank of Cienfuegos recently reached the Quality Award in its sixteenth edition, recognition awarded by the Asamblea Provincial del Poder Popular (Provincial Assembly of People’s Power) to good work and services.

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Cuba ready for elections

(Taken from Granma)

All conditions are in place for the November 26 voting process

All conditions are in place for the November 26 voting process

The trial run, which is a key mandated step in the electoral process to ensure the success of the actual vote, was conducted with satisfactory results, according to Alina Balseiro, president of the National Electoral Commission (CEN), speaking with the press.

Balseiro recalled that the simulation included two stages: the first involving a review of conditions at all polling stations, and a second during which a practice vote and count is conducted.

María Esther Bacallao, CEN secretary reported that 24,366 polling stations participated, as well as all bodies at the municipal, provincial, and national level, specifying that 97% of constituency bodies concluded their work as planned.

The principal incidents experienced during the trail run were related to supplies, electrical service, lack of transportation, interrupted telephone service, and full participation of electoral board members. All of these problems are being addressed and should be remedied by Wednesday, November 22, she said.

Set to be elected on November 26, by more than eight million Cuban men and women, are 12,515 delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power.

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Oscar López Rivera pays tribute to Fidel Castro

(RCM Redaction)

Oscar López Rivera paid tribute to Fidel Castro at the Santa Ifigenia Cemetery

Oscar López Rivera paid tribute to Fidel Castro at the Santa Ifigenia Cemetery

The first thing  the Puerto Rican independence patriot Oscar López Rivera did, upon reaching the city of Santiago de Cuba on November 21st , was to pay tribute to Fidel Castro at the Santa Ifigenia Cemetery, where he also honored other national figures.
López Rivera, who was recently freed from prison in the United States after serving 36 years, laid flowers at the monuments to national figures Mariana Grajales, mother of the homeland; Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, father of all Cubans, and José Martí, the island’s National Hero in the Santa Ifigenia necropolis.
With great emotion, the activist noted that he would be leaving the cemetery full of hope and the energy needed to continue the struggle for Puerto Rico’s definitive independence, to which he has committed his life.
Cuba should be thankful to these men and women that forged their freedom, while the Cuban people can share their hopes with them in this place, stated López Rivera, who praised the commitment and altruism of those individuals, not only for the benefit of their country, but of all humankind.
The Puerto Rican leader arrived in Santiago de Cuba, after visiting Bayamo where he learned about some of the earliest feats in Cuba’s wars of independence and was warmly received by hundreds of residents.
During his tour of the cemetery López Rivera was accompanied by decorated Hero of the Republic of Cuba and President of the Cuban Institute of Friendship with the Peoples (ICAP) Fernando González Llort, whom he met while both were imprisoned in the U.S.
Also in attendance was First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba in the province Lázaro Expósito, and President of the Provincial Assembly of People’s Power, Beatriz Johnson.
The Puerto Rican activist is also set to visit the July 26 Museum, located in what was the former Moncada garrison attacked by Fidel and young revolutionaries in 1953, and will also be presented with a distinction by provincial authorities.

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Fidel launched us into the battle

(Taken from Granma)

Speech at the University of Havana’s Aula Magna

Speech at the University of Havana’s Aula Magna

November 17, 2005, was a hectic day at the University of Havana (UH). Celebrations for International Students’ Day, at that time commemorating 60 years since the Comandante en Jefe first entered this higher education institution, had attracted thousands of university students from all across the city, impatiently waiting for Fidel to arrive.
That day changed our lives forever, recalls PhD. Elier Ramírez Cañedo speaking to Granma International, who despite being President of the UH’s Federation of University Students at the time, almost couldn’t get into the Aula Magna where Fidel was scheduled to speak. Once inside, however, he noted that such an atmosphere of intimacy was created that every student felt like Fidel was speaking directly to them.
He began with words of gratitude to the youths gathered there, and a sort of apology.
“You have been very kind in commemorating a very special day today: the 60th anniversary of my timid start at this University (…) Not to have attended, at this time, a ceremony in the Aula Magna, invited by you all, would have been the greatest sorrow of my life,” stated Fidel.
This encounter was his return to the starting point, explains the young historian. His return to the place where “this island, this small island’s concern” began, at a time when “there was still no talk of globalization, television didn’t exist, there was no Internet or instant communication from one side of the planet to the other, when telephones hardly existed (…),” as the leader of the Revolution explained to the youth assembled there that November afternoon.
According to Elier Ramírez “He spoke with the university students, in whom he had always trusted, in order to tell them things that perhaps he may not have felt as comfortable or encouraged to address in other settings.” This was an important speech.
That November 17, the Comandante en Jefe expressed an idea which inevitably underlies the rational understanding of any historical process: the possibility that transformations can be undone.
In this sense, Fidel explained that “among the many errors we have all committed, the most important has been to believe that anyone of us knew about socialism, or that anyone one of us knew how to build socialism.”
Later he questioned whether revolutions are destined to fail or, “is it people that bring down revolutions? Can people, or can society stop revolutions from collapsing? (…) This Revolution can be destroyed…we can destroy it, and it will be our own fault.”

However, Fidel was also optimistic, says Ramírez. He trusted in the ability of the people, and above all the youth to whom his comments were directed, to tackle the country’s main problems.

Fidel placed his trust in Cuba’s youth. Photo: Pedro Beruvides

Fidel placed his trust in Cuba’s youth. Photo: Pedro Beruvides

“If we are going to wage a battle we must use better quality missiles, there must be criticism and self-criticism in the classroom, in the (Party) nucleus, and then beyond the nucleus, then in the municipality, and then across the country,” stated the Comandante en Jefe speaking from the podium of that magnificent space where the remains of Cuban philosopher and Presbyterian Félix Varela lie in a marble urn.
Thus, his words marked a “before and after in the course of the Revolution.”
“He focused the lens on our own errors; errors which are more dangerous than the entire machinery of our powerful enemies. I mean, without these problems, which Fidel denounced, such as wastefulness, corruption, bureaucracy, and other ills, no enemy, no matter how powerful, would be able to advance in their plans,” explains Ramírez.
This doesn’t mean that Cuba should ignore external threats, “but that we should also focus more attention on those internal ills that could destroy the Revolution,” he adds.
Fidel couldn’t have been any more explicit: “This country can destroy itself; this Revolution can be destroyed. Today, they (imperialist powers) can not destroy it; but we can, we can destroy it and it will be our fault.”
This doesn’t mean that external enemies no longer represent a threat to Cuba, highlights Ramírez, but that Fidel “called on us to broaden our idea of this enemy, because we had allies of the northern neighbor who facilitated its work, right here in the country.”
“Fidel revealed that the Revolution can only be sustained by overcoming these internal ills,” adds Elier, still moved by that that fascinating and enlightening celebration in honor of International Students’ Day at the University of Havana.
Fidel’s words were magical and “we all surrendered before that special ability of his to mobilize us. They were a battle cry,” he states.

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Fidel and his people

(Taken from Granma)

Fidel Castro among the people

Fidel Castro among the people

Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro has, and will always be, alongside his people, whether on a march, during an encounter with campesinos, or visiting a school.

 

“We are, quite simply, a people that have known how to respond to the moment we are living (…) a people that, when required, was able to give all of its heroism, tenacity, and bravery…

“And our people is one of those peoples that never trembles in the face of sacrifice, it is one of those peoples that never wavered before the price they were forced to pay for their dignity and freedom…”

 

Fidel, Celia Sánchez, Antonio Núñez Jiménez, Pedro Miret and other compañeros at a Christmas Eve dinner in 1959 at the home of Rogelio García, charcoal worker from the Soplillar Cooperative in Ciénaga de Zapata. Photo: Archive

Fidel, Celia Sánchez, Antonio Núñez Jiménez, Pedro Miret and other compañeros at a Christmas Eve dinner in 1959 at the home of Rogelio García, charcoal worker from the Soplillar Cooperative in Ciénaga de Zapata. Photo: Archive

Fidel speaking with a group of campesinos. Photo: Naon

Fidel speaking with a group of campesinos. Photo: Naon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Cienfuegos´ reservoirs are recovered again

(RCM Redaction/By Onelia Chaveco)

Cienfuegos´ reservoirs are recovered again

Cienfuegos´ reservoirs are recovered again

Reservoirs in Cienfuegos had a notorious recovery due to the rainfalls during September and October, which raised the accumulated water up to 96.5 %.

Pablo Fuentes, delegate of water resources in this territory, told the Agencia Cubana de Noticias that nowadays, from six dams in Cienfuegos, five maintain operations, and of these three, Avilés, El Salto and Paso Bonito, pour permanently.

He added that only one dam, Voladora, did not reach the planned levels, at 65 percent, however, no settlement depends on this dam to be supplied.

Fuentes stressed that the reservoir Hanabanilla, which provides water to Paso Bonito dam to supply the city of Santa Clara and Cienfuegos, accumulated 86.8 percent of filing, a considerable growth because before September, it only reserved a 21 percent.

The executive explained that although Cienfuegos is not one of the territories most affected by the drought in Cuba, it did have a deficit of 600 millimeters (ml) of rainfall accumulated. He indicated that the greatest affectation is always reported in the availability of underground water, in the towns of Aguada de Pasajeros, Rodas and Abreus, basins from where water is extracted for population settlements.

The historical average of precipitations in the province is 1 457 ml, reason why the favorable climate of those two months allowed to surpass that rank in 191 ml needed.

September was the wettest month in the last 53 years, while October ranks as the rainiest in the last 7 years in the Cienfuegos province, he said.

All municipalities benefited from these rains with levels above the historical average, and in the remaining period before the end of the year there may be increases in whether phenomena which conditions raining, said the manager.

That abundance of the vital liquid calls to take care of the resource and to control the demand of water especially that coming from big consumers like Azcuba, the Agriculture and Aqueduct, to preserve those sources with the view of facing the dry period that goes from November to April.

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Cuba interested in biotechnology projects with South Africa

(Taken from Cubasi)

Cuba Interested in Biotechnology Projects with South Africa

Cuba Interested in Biotechnology Projects with South Africa

Cuba expressed its willingness to contribute to and collaborate with the development of joint projects with South Africa in biotechnology, and establish lasting relations in the interest of both countries.

Marta Ayala, deputy director-general of the Cuban Center of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB), told the news agency Prensa Latina that her recent visit to South Africa was part of a long-term strategy designed by that institution in this African country.

‘As long as some objectives are attained, the way for new and interesting marketing and collaboration opportunities will be paved,’ she said.

Doctor Ayala led a delegation also composed of Heber Biotec sales expert and Master of Science Ana Blanca Torres that had the objective of continuing some ongoing marketing actions on South African soil, with several products and projects developed by the CIGB.

In her statements to Prensa Latina, the member of the Political Bureau of the Cuban Communist Party Central Committee, recalled that ‘we have been present in the South African market for more than a decade, together with the Biovacs Institute,’ located in the southern city of Cape Town, with the vaccine against hepatitis B. W’e think this is a good time to expand the marketing relations with other South African companies and introduce, through them, new products, projects and technology developed by the Cuban scientific community.’

In this reference, she expressed interest in being able to take the trade relations between both countries the high level of their political relations.’

Final details addressed prior to elections in Cuba

(Taken from Granma)

Trial run leading up to November 26 elections of delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People's Power

Trial run leading up to November 26 elections of delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power

Reviewing voter lists and forms, checking updated electoral manuals, testing lines of communication, and revisiting the responsibilities of electoral board members were some of the activities conducted as part of the trial run held across the country yesterday, November 19, to prepare for next week’s elections of delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power.

In Havana, Pedro Viltres Pérez, vice president of the Provincial Electoral Commission told the press that efforts ranged from assuring food and transportation for staff to checking computer equipment and the efficient functioning of the entire process, to ensure a successful Election Day.

The exercise included a practice vote count, with the participation of some 50,000 individuals at 1,540 polling stations in 1,331 constituencies, across the metropolitan area.

In the central province of Villa Clara, final details were addressed at 1,540 polling stations in 987 constituencies, as well as the functioning of bodies at the municipal and provincial level.

According to Rogelio Rosada Rodríguez, secretary of the Provincial Electoral Commission, the exercise was conducted successfully and included checking all lines of communication, including cell phones and land, as well alternatives in areas where reports will be submitted by amateur radio operators and couriers on bicycles, tractors, and boats.

In the remote settlement of Altos de Mompié, in Granma province, practically all 117 resident were aware of the trial run and the significance of the vote taking place precisely one year after Fidel’s death. Young voter Yanelis Ruiz commented, “Here, exactly where he was named Comandante en Jefe of all the revolutionary forces, not a single mistake can occur, the vote will be an act of commitment.”

By midmorning, the community’s report had reached provincial headquarters to complete the confirmations arriving from Granma’s 353 polling stations located in mountainous areas.

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Amazing wild life pictures around the world

(RCM Redaction)

A polar bear crosses ice in Arctic Bay, Nunavut, Canada

A polar bear crosses ice in Arctic Bay, Nunavut, Canada

A polar bear crosses ice in Arctic Bay, Nunavut, Canada. The photographer was struck with emotion while photographing the moment, “I was able to witness many scenes of wildlife and I can guarantee you this is the most beautiful thing I have ever seen. Here the polar bear might be interpreted as holding back the sea ice melting.”

(Ursus maritimus) is a carnivorous bear whose native range lies largely within the Arctic Circle, encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses.

The polar bear is found in the Arctic Circle and adjacent land masses as far south as Newfoundland. Due to the absence of human development in its remote habitat, it retains more of its original range than any other extant carnivore. There are 19 generally recognized, discrete subpopulations, though polar bears are thought to exist only in low densities in the area of the Arctic Basin. The subpopulations display seasonal fidelity to particular areas, but DNA studies show that they are not reproductively isolated.

The range includes the territory of five nations: Denmark (Greenland), Norway (Svalbard), Russia, the United States (Alaska) and Canada. These five nations are the signatories of the International Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears, which mandates cooperation on research and conservation efforts throughout the polar bear’s range.

The male bear, a boar (adult male) weighs around 350–700 kg (772–1,543 lb), while a sow (adult female) is about half that size. Their scientific name means “maritime bear” and derives from this fact.

Polar bears hunt their preferred food of seals from the edge of sea ice, often living off fat reserves when no sea ice is present. Because of their dependence on the sea ice, polar bears are classified as marine mammals.

However, it is the only living marine mammal with powerful, large limbs and feet that allow them to cover miles on foot and run on land. Its preferred habitat is the annual sea ice covering the waters over the continental shelf and the Arctic inter-island archipelagos.

These areas, known as the “Arctic ring of life”, have high biological productivity in comparison to the deep waters of the high Arctic. The polar bear tends to frequent areas where sea ice meets water, such as polynyas (is an area of open water surrounded by sea ice) and leads (temporary stretches of open water in Arctic ice), to hunt the seals that make up most of its diet.

Due to warming air temperatures, ice-floe breakup in western Hudson Bay is currently occurring three weeks earlier than it did 30 years ago, reducing the duration of the polar bear feeding season.

The body condition of polar bears has declined during this period; the average weight of lone (and likely pregnant) female polar bears was approximately 290 kg (640 lb) in 1980 and 230 kg (510 lb) in 2004.

In Alaska, the effects of sea ice shrinkage have contributed to higher mortality rates in polar bear cubs, and have led to changes in the denning locations of pregnant females.

Polar bear on Svalbard, starving due to the ice around the islands melting earlier than before

Polar bear on Svalbard, starving due to the ice around the islands melting earlier than before

In recent years, polar bears in the Arctic have undertaken longer than usual swims to find prey, possibly resulting in four recorded drownings in the unusually large ice pack regression of 2005.

Between 1987 and 2004, the Western Hudson Bay population declined by 22%, although the population is currently listed as “stable”.

A new development is that polar bears have begun ranging to new territory. While not unheard of but still uncommon, polar bears have been sighted increasingly in larger numbers ashore, staying on the mainland for longer periods of time during the summer months, particularly in North Canada, traveling farther inland.This may cause an increased reliance on terrestrial diets, such as goose eggs, waterfowl and caribou, as well as increased human–bear conflict.

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Science vs. manipulation in alleged sonic attacks

(Taken from Granma)

Science vs. manipulation in alleged sonic attacks

Science vs. manipulation in alleged sonic attacks ataques acústicos

The laws of physics, basic medical principles, and logic contradict the hypothesis that U.S. diplomatic personnel in Cuba suffered sonic attacks, according to scientists and experts who have noted the inconsistencies in reported symptoms, the locations of alleged incidents, and the supposed use of long range sonic weapons.

The Cuban Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, today November 15, released a statement on the issue, in the context of a scientific workshop on endoscopic surgery organized in Havana with the participation of specialists from the United States, Mexico, and Austria.

The Society’s president, Dr. Antonio Paz, read the statement which indicated, “As has been reported by various media, the U.S. government has notified Cuban authorities of the presumed occurrence of sonic attacks on some staff members at its diplomatic mission.”

He stated that as a result of the investigation conducted by a committee of experts, officially established for this purpose, determined that it was impossible that the symptoms reported by the United States government could have been caused by a “sonic weapon.”

The Cuban experts noted that documentation provided by the U.S. includes very limited information, saying in the statement, “All the information gathered comes from a document entitled Medical Summary, delivered to our ministry, the text of which lacks objective evidence supporting the U.S. thesis. In summary, it lacks the scientific requirements of customary medical practice and evidence-based medicine.”

The Society expressed its “profound concern” that recent measures adopted by the U.S. are damaging to the free exchange of experience by professionals and scientists in the two countries, adding, “Cuban and U.S. otorhinolaryngologists have maintained close academic collaboration, in an environment of ethical conduct, transparency, and friendship.

We therefore reject the accusations of supposed sonic attacks and insist that some medical evidence be provided to support such allegations.”

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Oscar López Rivera receives Solidarity Order in Cuba

(RCM Redaction)

Oscar López Rivera receives Solidarity Order in Cuba

Oscar López Rivera receives Solidarity Order in Cuba

In recognition of his bravery and resistance for over 36 years while unjustly imprisoned in the U.S., Puerto Rican patriot Oscar López Rivera received, November 14, in the Cuban capital, the Solidarity Order awarded by the Council of State of the Republic of Cuba.
In a ceremony held at the José Martí Memorial, in Havana’s Plaza de la Revolución, Mercedes López Acea, a member of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) Political Bureau and vice president of the Council of State, presented López Rivera with the medal.
The independence advocate, visiting the island for the first time, thanked Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro, President Raúl Castro, and the Cuban people for their support and solidarity.
He went on to note that Cuba will continue to be an example for the world at a time when governments are promoting war and exploiting the most vulnerable.
Decorated Hero of the Republic of Cuba and President of the Cuban Institute of Friendship with the Peoples (ICAP) Fernando González Llort highlighted the Puerto Rican activist’s many qualities, describing him as a “brave, modest, educated man with a great artistic sensibility,” and “a concerned father, caring grandfather, and committed lover of his island and people.”

There are convincing reasons to award him (López Rivera) the Solidarity Order, in fitting recognition of his struggle and his commitment maintained for almost 36 years in prison – 12 of which he spent in solitary confinement – to a single cause: struggling for his country’s independence, stated González Llort.
The ICAP President went on to recall that López Rivera, with whom he spent years in prison, was arrested May 29, 1981 and accused of seditious conspiracy, a strictly political charge used against Puerto Rican independence advocates.
In the presence of José Ramón Balaguer, a member of the PCC Central Committee Secretariat, and head of its International Relations Department, as well as Gerardo Hernández Nordelo, decorated Hero of the Republic of Cuba, among others, González Llort reaffirmed the island’s commitment to continue strengthening the fraternal ties which unite the two islands.
Prior to the ceremony, López Rivera paid tribute to Cuban National Hero José Martí, laying a floral wreath at the foot of the monument erected in his honor, in Havana’s historic Plaza de la Revolución.
During his stay López Rivera will also visit various central and eastern provinces, where he will tour cultural and historic sites such as the Comandante en Jefe’s childhood home in Birán, Holguín and the Santa Ifigenia Cemetery in Santiago de Cuba, where Fidel’s ashes are interred.

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CIA considered plans by Posada Carriles against Cuba as terrorism

(Taken from Prensa Latina)

CIA considered plans by Posada Carriles against Cuba as terrorism

CIA considered plans by Posada Carriles against Cuba as terrorism

The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) considered the plans made by confessed criminal and terrorist Luis Posada Carriles as terrorist actions, and had evidence on his participation in the attack against a Cuban commercial plane, said the US press here Wednesday.

 

Files recently revealed in the US on the investigation on the murder of former US president John Fitzgerald Kennedy, contained the secret file on the Cuban-born terrorist, a CIA informer, but so much dangerous that the CIA had him under surveillance.

In 1976, when a plane belonging to Cuban airline Cubana de Aviacion blew up near Barbados with 73 people aboard, an attack of which Posada Carriles is considered the intellectual author, the CIA was worried about the possibility that its relation with Posada became public.

A brief by the CIA in July 1977, stated that there was a meeting in the Dominican Republic between Posada, Orlando Bosch and other individuals, with Cuban-born US Army Major Juan Armand Montes.

The document describes Orlando Bosch as ‘the terrorist leader of Cuban exiled’ and mentions a Dominican Armed Forces colonel, who said that the objective was ‘to discuss several terrorist plans, among them, to place bombs in Cuban commercial planes and diplomatic missions.’

The plans also included to sabotage Cuban and Soviet planes, kidnap the Cuban Ambassador in the United Nations and kill Cuban officials in foreign countries.

The US agency knew, also, about the weapon mailing to Guyanese rebels in 1969, about the participation of Posada Carriles in an attempt to overthrow the government of Guatemala and of his roll in several conspiracies to murder the historical leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro.

Posada, who remains free in Miami despite the continuous denouncing of Cuba for his terrorist activities and the extradition orders of Venezuela, was arrested along with Bosch in Venezuela for being identified as the main organizers of the attack on the Cuban plane.

Venezuelan citizens Hernan Ricardo Lozano and Freddy Lugo, recruited as material authors of the attack, were arrested in Trinidad and Tobago as main suspects.

A few days after the attack, the CIA also obtained information about comments that Posada would have made in a dinner: ‘we are going to attack a Cuban plane’ and ‘Orlando has the details’.

From the information delivered by the agency, the Department of State concluded that Posada was seeming to be ¨the person who planned the sabotage¨ of the plane, a fact for which the US authorities never accused him.

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Puerto Rican independence activist Oscar López arrives in Cuba

(RCM Redaction)

 

Oscar López Rivera

Oscar López Rivera

Happy to visit Cuba for the first time, whose leaders and people he thanked for their support for his release, the Puerto Rican independence leader Oscar López Rivera arrived in Havana this
morning.

At the José Martí international airport Oscar Lopez was met by Fernando González Llort, Hero of the Republic of Cuba and president of the Cuban Institute of Friendship with the Peoples (ICAP), with whom the Puerto Rican patriot shared a four-year cell in the Terre Haute prison in Indiana, United States, in the midst of almost 36 years of unjust imprisonment, until being pardoned by former President Barack Obama.

In statements to the press, Lopez Rivera said he intends to enjoy as much time as possible with his brother Cuban people.

When referring to the situation in Puerto Rico, he recalled that it is a country colonized for more than 100 years that today suffers from the effects of hurricane Maria, while facing the lack of interest and support from the US government.

López Rivera will exchange during his visit to Cuba with the Five Cuban Heroes who served sentences in the United States, including Fernando, where in addition to the Order of Solidarity, conferred by the State Council, he will receive samples of affection and admiration of the authorities and the population.

Invited by ICAP, the independence leader will develop an extensive program of activities, which includes meetings with representatives of various sectors in various provinces, and the tribute to Commander in Chief Fidel Castro in the Santa Ifigenia cemetery, in Santiago de Cuba.

As part of the support for the case of López Rivera, during the more than three decades of imprisonment, Cuba promoted before the United Nations Decolonization Committee a resolution in which it requested recognition of the right to independence and self-determination of Puerto Rico, and demanded Lopez Rivera´s release and that of other freedom fighters imprisoned in the United States.

The project, supported by Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Nicaragua, was approved as a resolution by said committee in 2012, but the US ignored it.

Now, on a memorable day for relations of brotherhood between Cuba and PuertRico, the island receives this Puerto Rican patriot.

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RCM Radio designs special program to pay tribute to Fidel

(RCM Redaction)

RCM Radio designs special program of tribute to Fidel

RCM Radio designs special program of tribute to Fidel

A special program designed in blocks of three and four hours that will start from 12 noon on November 25, proposes during that day Radio Ciudad del Mar radio station, to commemorate the first anniversary of the physical departure of the historic leader of the Cuban Revolution Fidel Castro.

Clara Beatriz Bécquer Ibáñez, deputy director of Programming and Information of this radio, anticipated that the entire repertoire will be intentional with music, reports and allegorical advertisements to the campaign “Un año sin ti pero contigo” ( “A year without you, but with you”) in homage to the Commander in Chief and his legacy.

She also announced that during the programming the listeners will be able to communicate by eternofidel@rciudaddelmar.icrt.cu, which will be reactivated to receive messages from the population; to this end, the well-known telephone lines of the station will also be enabled: 43 51 70 00 and 43 51 70 01.

Reports on the presence of Fidel in Cienfuegos and the testimonies of those who knew him, as well as the coverage of the actions that will take place in the province, constitute other initiatives that from Radio Ciudad del Mar will pay tribute to the historical leader of the Revolution Cuban on the first anniversary of his physical departure.

RCM radio producers and reporters -in each space of the programming designed in blocks-, will highlight an aspect of Fidel’s legacy, on the subject will also transcend a special section on the WEB, while, the TUITAZO will occur:  “Las luces de tu presencia” (“The lights of your presence”).

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New actions will be undertaken to improve the road landscape of Central Cuba South Circuit

(RCM Redaction)

New actions will be undertaken to improve the road landscape of Central Cuba South Circuit

New actions will be undertaken to improve the road landscape of Central Cuba South Circuit

The proposal of actions to improve road paving and landscaping in the tourist corridor Ciénaga de Zapata – Cienfuegos – Trinidad, is the focus of a study carried out this year by the Direccion Provincial de Planificacion Fisica (Provincial Directorate of Physical Planning in Cienfuegos).

The research led by Julián Sánchez García, specialist in transport and road network, diagnoses the current situation of the so-called Southern Circuit and recommends to the corresponding agencies the adoption of 39 measures to embellish the route and make it more pleasant to the sight of nationals and foreigners.

As part of the territorial and urban planning, the investigation segmented the route into seven sections: Limits of Matanzas province – Yaguaramas; Yaguaramas – Cienfuegos City; Rancho Luna – Pasacaballos; Rancho Luna – San Antón; Circunvalación – Pepito Tey; Pepito Tey – Guajimico y Guajimico – Limits with Sancti Spíritus province.

Julián Sánchez detailed the difficulties encountered in each stretch, which depending on each case are required to improve the asphalt; possible extension for walks; the fence; place ceilings to ships, improvement of houses and emergent vegetation, among other aspects.

This and other topics were addressed at the headquarters of the Direccion Provincial de Planificacion Fisica (Provincial Directorate of Physical Planning in Cienfuegos) during the celebration of November 8, declared by the United Nations Organization in 1949 as Urbanism Day, with the purpose of creating an awareness of living in healthy and pleasant environments with green spaces.

To expand the cultural knowledge in the matter, the architect Eyda González Pérez brought up the existence of a singular urbanism in five villas of the Italian coast. She presented a project entitled ¨The coloring of the five lands¨, hes work referred to the three- or four-storey tower houses of the picturesque Monterroso al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggione, included in the World Heritage list.

They did not want to conclude the celebration without first recognizing the experienced professionals Mayra Cabrera Moya, Eida Nancy González and Teresa Lara Muñoz for their outstanding work in urban planning.

The workers of the Direccion Provincial de Planificacion Fisica (Provincial Directorate of Physical Planning in Cienfuegos), were accompanied in this meeting by their young deputy director Yania González Cabrera; Arístides Montero Torres, president of the  Union Nacional de Arquitectos e Ingenieros de Cuba ( Cuban National Union of Architects and Construction Engineers) (UNAICC by its Spanish acronym) and a representation of the Heritage Directorate in Cienfuegos.

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Telstar 18 presented as the official ball for 2018 World Cup

(RCM Redaction)

Telstar 18 is the official ball for 2018 World Cup

Telstar 18 is the official ball for 2018 World Cup

The clock is ticking down towards the start of the 2018 World Cup in Russia and the new ball of the tournament, Telstar 18, has been officially launched by Adidas.

 

The manufacturers designed and remodelled the footballs that were utilised during the 1970 and 1974 World Cups in Mexico and Germany, respectively.

 

Lionel Messi, Zinedine Zidane, Alessandro Del Piero, Kaka and Xabi Alonso were among the football legends that participated in the presentation ceremony, with the latter four posting a superstar-selfie on Twitter before the event.

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The Great October Socialist Revolution marked a new era for humanity

(Taken from Granma)

José Ramón Machado Ventura at the political-cultural gala held at Havana’s Karl Marx

José Ramón Machado Ventura at the political-cultural gala held at Havana’s Karl Marx

Compañero Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, First Secretary of the PCC Central Committee

Compañeras and compañeros:

We are gathered to commemorate one of the most significant events of the twentieth century: the Great October Socialist Revolution, with which a new era for humanity commenced.

Today, in some media there is a tendency to diminish the importance of the Revolution that led to the founding of the world’s first socialist state and opened a path of hope, giving way to a new social regime that would show that a world free of exploiters and the exploited was possible. Attempts are made to diminish and even disregard the role played by its eminent leader, Vladimir Ilich Lenin.

Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz, on referring to Lenin stated: “He was a brilliant revolutionary strategist who did not hesitate to assume Marx’s ideas and implement them in a vast and only partially industrialized country… Lenin was a truly exceptional man, capable of interpreting all the depth, essence and value of Marxist theory,” end of quote.

He had the merit of taking advantage of a moment of crisis of imperialism, provoked by its own war, and the growth of the labor movement in Czarist Russia, to carry out the socialist Revolution. He was the man who was met with incomprehension in his own surroundings, but at the same time he had, like no other at that time, the greatest understanding of the humble, of the workers aware that the seizure of political power was the only way to lead them to their emancipation.

It was precisely Lenin’s brilliant leadership that gave rise to that great Revolution, with which important changes ensued for the oppressed of this world.

One hundred years later, it is impossible to deny the immense contribution and legacy of the Bolshevik Revolution, which gave way to other great social revolutions of the 20th century, which emerged a few years after the victory against fascism, like that of China, the Vietnamese and the Cuban.

The events that followed October, the implementation of Marxist theory in the specific conditions of the time, demonstrated the relevance of the global social revolution, for which, in the words of Lenin, the Russian (Revolution) was just the prologue or a step.

The process of decolonization would not have been possible without the enormous influence of the October Revolution, in that it decisively contributed to the right of the peoples to self-determination and independence becoming a reality in many countries of the world.

An undeniable contribution of this great feat was the beginning of the process of political-economic structuring of a new system: socialism.

The Revolution favored the drastic change in the correlation of world forces, demonstrated that the elimination of exploitation was possible, that there were other forms of government and democracy, and that alternatives existed beyond the formulas offered by capitalism, generating wars and divisions, overwhelming peoples and nations.

In the field of international relations, it inaugurated a new way of doing and acting. In the Decree on Peace and in the Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia, expressed were the principles that should govern the relations between states and peoples, which are still fully valid today.

The USSR achieved, in a historically very short period, technological and industrial development. It eradicated illiteracy, generalized schooling, reached a high scientific level, ensured employment and social protection, eliminated discrimination against women and proclaimed their rights, as well as those of children and young people.

These achievements were obtained in the midst of military, economic and political aggression. The nascent socialist state made the postulates of its Revolution a reality through blood and fire, and began to build itself in a country totally ruined, bled dry and blockaded, which required no less hard and heroic efforts.

There were many contributions and efforts from the peoples that made up the USSR, but none more significant than the defeat of fascism, which deserves eternal gratitude.

The influence of the October Revolution and the battle for multifaceted development being waged in what was the most backward imperial country of its time, also reached Latin America, where the ideas of the Revolution were disseminated and communist parties began to emerge, including that of Cuba, in the midst of the conditions of first an invaded, and later a neocolonial republic.

In this and other Cuban revolutionary groups that confronted imperialist domination and its complicit governments of the day, present were, along with the ideas of Martí, the ideas of the October Revolution, the ideas of Marxism-Leninism.

In 1970, on the occasion of commemorating the centenary of Lenin’s birth, the historic leader of the Cuban Revolution stated: I quote “Without the October Revolution of 1917, Cuba could not have been constituted as the first socialist country in Latin America.” Later, in 1972, in a profound reflection on the roots of our socialist Revolution, he specified: “the revolutionary process of Cuba is the confirmation of the extraordinary strength of the ideas of Marx, Engels and Lenin,” end of quote.

During these 100 years, but mainly since the disappearance of the socialist system in Europe, much has been written and debated, from very different ideological positions, about this Revolution. Regrettably, extreme positions converge to point out that its ideas failed, with a marked distortion of the causes and consequences, with the intention of imposing a single mindset destined to highlight the supremacy of capitalism against socialism.

The October Revolution initiated an extraordinarily complex process, with achievements and mistakes, but to judge it we must take into account, first of all, the historic conditions in which it was developed, the international context and the contradictions generated by any revolutionary process. It was also the first great attempt to transform the world, to turn utopia into reality.

Imperialism today seeks new alliances and attempts by all possible means to stifle and destroy any attempt at social change.

In this historical context we can affirm that the ideas that inspired it and socialism as a system maintain full force. The principles of equality, solidarity, internationalism, social justice, the peoples’ right to self-determination, independence and sovereignty, which were the basis of the October Revolution, will also continue to be ours.

Long live the Great October Socialist Revolution!

Thank you.

 

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USA announced new restrictions on travel and trade with Cuba

(RCM Redaction)

U.S announced greater restriction on traveling and trading with Cuba

U.S announced greater restriction on traveling and trading with Cuba

The US government announced yesterday greater restrictions for Americans interested in doing business with Cuba and traveling to the Caribbean island, in compliance with the presidential memorandum that reverses important aspects of the rapprochement between the two countries.

 

The State, Commerce and Treasury departments announced the adoption of ‘coordinated actions’ to implement the document signed by President Donald Trump on June 16 in Miami, Florida, which included vetoing Americans to make transactions with more than 180 entities of the Caribbean nation.

 

It also requires that all nonacademic ‘people-to-people’ educational trips be conducted under the auspices of an organization that is subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

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Amazing wild life pictures: Sharks

(RCM Redaction)

Bronze Whaler Shark Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

Bronze Whaler Shark
Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

There are over 465 known species of sharks, ranging from the planet’s largest fish—the whale shark—to the palm-size dwarf lanternshark.

These misunderstood predators not only fascinate us, but surprise us with their beauty and vulnerability. Due to overfishing and discriminatory killing, among other causes, at least a quarter of sharks and rays may be headed for extinction, according to a 2014 report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Sharks are a group of elasmobranches fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head. Modern sharks are classified within the clade Selachimorpha (or Selachii) and are the sister group to the rays.

 

dwarf shark

dwarf shark

Since then, sharks have diversified into over 500 species. They range in size from the small dwarf lanternshark (Etmopterus perryi), a deep sea species of only 17 centimetres (6.7 in) in length, to the whale shark (Rhincodon typus), the largest fish in the world, which reaches approximately 12 metres (40 ft) in length.

 

Sharks represent an endless well of inspiration, a blend of grace and power that lures me into the sea, but they are vulnerable to threats that include habitat alteration, damage and loss from coastal development, pollution and the impact of fisheries on the seabed and prey species, all these facts and hunting has taken sharks almost to their extinction.

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Statement to the press by Josefina Vidal Ferreiro, Director General for US Affairs

(RCM Redaction)

Josefina Vidal Ferreiro, Director General for US Affairs at Cuba's Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Josefina Vidal Ferreiro, Director General for US Affairs at Cuba’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Statement to the press by Josefina Vidal Ferreiro, Director General for US Affairs at Cuba’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, on the provisions and regulations issued by the Departments of State, the Treasury and Commerce on November 8, 2017.
Today, November 8, the Departments of State, the Treasury and Commerce issued new provisions and regulations to implement the measures aimed at strengthening the blockade on Cuba announced on the past June 6, by President Trump and included in the executive order entitled “National Security Presidential Memorandum on Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba”, which established the policy of his government towards our country.

These provisions and regulations that will enter into force as from tomorrow November 9, are contained in three documents:

1) List of the US Department of State on “Restricted Cuban Entities”.

• This is a list of 179 Cuban entities, with which direct financial transactions are henceforth prohibited to US entities and citizens, and on which a policy of denials for license applications to export and reexport US goods and services will be applied.

• It is an arbitrary list, composed of different Cuban entities that are allegedly linked, on no grounds whatsoever, to the defense and national security sector. This list includes the Ministry of the Armed Forces, the Ministry of the Interior, the National Revolutionary Police, the Border Guard Troops, enterprises, public corporations, the Mariel Economic Development Zone, the Container Terminals of Mariel and Havana, dozens of hotels throughout Cuba, travel agencies and stores. It even goes as far as to include soft drinks trademarks (such as Tropicola and Cachito) and rum trademarks, and even a photography service like PhotoService.

• The list will be periodically reviewed and updated.

2)  Regulations of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Department of the Treasury, on the financial transactions and the travels to Cuba, which:

• Prohibit direct financial transactions with the Cuban entities listed by the US Department of State.

• Prohibit individual travels by US citizens under the category of people-to-people exchanges. From now on, they will have to travel under the auspices of a US organization or accompanied by a representative of that sponsoring organization.

• Impose conditions to the educational travels that from now on will have to be sponsored by an authorized US organization and conducted with the company of a representative of that sponsoring organization.

• Establish specific requisites for those travelling under the category of “Support for the Cuban People Travel”, who will have to engage in a full-time schedule of activities, that enhance, following the US patterns, contact with the Cuban people, support what they define as civil society and promote their independence from the Cuban State. The political intention of this measure is clearly stated.

• Expand the list of officials of the Government and the State, the representatives of judicial organs, mass organization and the press with whom transactions are prohibited.

3) Regulations by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the Department of Commerce, on the policy of licenses for the export and reexport of items to Cuba.

• Establish that applications for licenses will be denied for the export and reexport of items to the entities included on the list of the US Department of State.

• Expand the categories of products that can be exported to the non-state sector, provided that they are not used to generate State revenues or contribute to the running of the Cuban State.

In short:

The measures confirm the serious regress of bilateral relations as a result of the decisions adopted by the government of the President Donald Trump.

They imply a strengthening of the blockade and of the prohibition on US citizens to travel to Cuba.

Some of the measures do not conceal their subversive undertone, like the one urging travelers to engage in activities of this sort to justify the legality of their visits to Cuba.

These measures will damage the Cuban economy and Cuba’s state and non-state sectors.

They will also damage the US citizens, whose right to travel to Cuba, the only country in the world they cannot visit freely, will be further restricted.

And they will affect the US business community that will be deprived of interesting business opportunities available in Cuba today, which they will lose to their competence.

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Elections corresponding to our times

(Taken from Granma)

Municipal assembly elections on November 26

Municipal assembly elections on November 26

On November 26, the municipal assembly elections will see a strong turnout from our people, especially since the day is preceded by the first anniversary of the death of Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz, the greatest architect of the Cuban electoral system.

This, according to Alina Balseiro Gutiérrez, president of the National Electoral Commission (CEN), during a press conference to detail the steps underway as part of the general election process across the country, and the following measures to be implemented once the results of the nomination process for candidates to delegates of Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power (AMPP) are known.

In this sense, Balseiro stressed that since November 1st, photos and biographies of the candidates nominated in each of the municipalities of the country have been displayed, while electoral training processes will continue through November 17.

She noted that following the first round of elections for municipal assembly delegates on November 26, a second round will take place December 3 in those constituencies where no candidate receives more than 50% of the valid votes cast. The AMPPs will be constituted 21 days following the election of all delegates.

Regarding the conclusion of the nomination process, the CEN president highlighted the enthusiasm and commitment with which people attended constituency assemblies, despite the destruction caused by Hurricane Irma, while she described the results obtained as favorable, adequate and corresponding to our times.

Moreover, she emphasized a number of points that voters should bear in mind on the day of the vote, most notably the need to know the location of the polling station where they can exercise their right to the vote, as well as verifying their details on the electoral register, which will be displayed in visible and highly frequented places in each community.

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The October Revolution: One of the most significant events of the 20th century

(Taken from Granma)

Political-cultural gala marking 100 years since the Great October Socialist Revolution.

Political-cultural gala marking 100 years since the Great October Socialist Revolution.

Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) Central Committee and President of the Councils of State and Ministers, presided a political-cultural gala marking 100 years since the Great October Socialist Revolution.
The gala began with a moving rendition of “La Ternura de Alejandra Pajmatova,” by pianist Frank Fernández and a recital of Mayakovski’s poem “Vladimir I. Lenin,” by actor Julio César Ramírez; followed by a spectacular performance of the ballet Avanzada by students from the National Arts School, accompanied by the National Symphony Orchestra.
Speaking during the act, José Ramón Machado Ventura, second secretary of the PCC Central Committee and Vice-president of the Councils of State and Ministers, described the October Revolution as one of the most significant events of the 20th century, which marked the dawn of a new age for humanity.
“Nowadays there exists a tendency to minimize the importance of the Revolution which led to the founding of the world’s first socialist state and opened the path to hope and a new social regime which would prove that a world free of exploiters and the exploited was possible,” he added.
Regarding the leader of the Bolsheviks, Machado Ventura noted that “Lenin was a truly extraordinary man, able to interpret the depth and essence of Marxist theory in full. He had a great understanding of the situation affecting the poor and workers, and knew that their emancipation could only be achieved by taking political power.”
One hundred years later and it is impossible to deny the immense contribution and legacy of the October Socialist Revolution, which gave way to other great 20th century social revolutions, like the Cuban Revolution.
Machado Ventura went on to talk about the contributions of that great event, such as its process of decolonization, the construction of a new political-economic system, socialism, and how it marked a drastic change in the correlation of global forces.
“The principles of equality, solidarity, internationalism, social justice, the people’s right to self-determination, independence, and sovereignty, were the basis of the October Revolution and will also continue to be the basis of ours,” he concluded.
Also in attendance at the gala were members of the PCC Political Bureau; Mikhail L. Kamynin, the Russian Federation’s ambassador in Havana, representatives of the accredited diplomatic corps in Cuba , FAR, Ministry of the Interior, and youth and mass organizations, among other guests.

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Sui generis exhibition ¨Estampas Guajiras¨ in Cienfuegos

( By Onelia Chaveco/ACN)

 ¨Estampas Guajiras¨exhibition in Cienfuegos

¨Estampas Guajiras¨exhibition in Cienfuegos

“Estampas Guajiras” is the name of a sui generis exhibition inaugurated yesterday in Cienfuegos with stories about peasant tells that reflect the popular charm of the Cuban rural population, seen from the humor of the writer Alberto Vega Falcón.

In exclusive statements to the Cuban News Agency, Vega Falcón explained that the exhibition located at the headquarters of the Asociacion Cubana de Artesanos y Artistas de Cuba) (ACAA by its Spanish Acronym) Association of Artists and Craftmen of Cuba in this territory, consists of a selection of stories published in the Primo Gordo section of the Montañés supplement, which publishes the newspaper Cinco de Septiembre for the mountainous area of ​​the province of Cienfuegos.

He highlighted about the exhibition, conceived as ¨literatura de cordel¨ (string literature),with the possibilities of presenting it in agricultural-productive units, bateyes( small settlements near a sugar mill industry) and sugar mills, because they are printed texts mounted as clotheslines, in the traditional ropes to hang washed clothes.

Among the characters that appear in ¨Estampas guajiras¨ are Luis Gómez, the King of the Tonada Carvajal; Cuco Menéndez, poet of Villa Clara, and writer Samuel Feijóo, while the themes range from nicknames, reincarnation, wakes and illuminations, or about the hyperboles so used by Cuban peasants.

Lázaro García Gil, poet and troubadour, in the inaugural words described the pictures of Vega Falcón of stories, legends, anecdotes, and Cuban poetic compositions called decima that speak about that credulous and honest mystic of the peasants.

He invited us to enjoy the stories stored by the author of ¨Estampas Guajiras´, a poet already cultivated and intellectually mature, but who has not stopped feeling and transmitting with freshness the morning dew, that love and tenderness that distinguishes the Cuban countryside.

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Curiosities of the world: Things to know about the Day of the Dead

(RCM Redaction)

The Day of the Dead in MexicoPhoto by Tino Soriano, National Geographic

The Day of the Dead in Mexico.Photo by Tino Soriano, National Geographic

Here’s one thing we know: Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, is not a Mexican version of Halloween. Though related, the two annual events differ greatly in traditions and tone.

Whereas Halloween is a dark night of terror and mischief, Day of the Dead festivities unfold over two days in an explosion of color and life-affirming joy. Sure, the theme is death, but the point is to demonstrate love and respect for deceased family members.

The rituals are rife with symbolic meaning. The more you understand about this feast for the senses, the more you will appreciate it.

Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, is a celebration of life and death. While the holiday originated in Mexico, it is celebrated all over Latin America with colorful calaveras (skulls) and calacas (skeletons). Learn how the Day of the Dead started and the traditions that make it unique.

Thanks to efforts by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, or UNESCO, the term “cultural heritage” is not limited to monuments and collections of objects. It also includes living expressions of culture—traditions—passed down from generation to generation. In 2008, UNESCO recognized the importance of Día de los Muertos by adding the holiday to its list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Participants walk down a mural-painted street during Dia de los Muertos

Participants walk down a mural-painted street during Dia de los Muertos

Today Mexicans from all religious and ethnic backgrounds celebrate Día de los Muertos, but at its core, the holiday is a reaffirmation of indigenous life.

Day of the Dead originated several thousand years ago with the Aztec, Toltec, and other Nahua people, who considered mourning the dead disrespectful. For these pre-Hispanic cultures, death was a natural phase in life’s long continuum. The dead were still members of the community, kept alive in memory and spirit—and during Día de los Muertos, they temporarily returned to Earth.

Today’s Día de los Muertos celebration is a mash-up of pre-Hispanic religious rites and Christian feasts. It takes place on November 1 and 2—All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day on the Catholic calendar—around the time of the fall maize harvest.

 

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